Meaning – The term orchard, refers to the former corporate headquarters in Armonk, New York (the address of which was Old Orchard Road), built on the site of an apple orchard.
Apple’s corporate headquarters was originally located at Building 1 on 20525 Mariani Ave in Cupertino. The land east of Mariani One across De Anza Boulevard where the campus was built was originally occupied by the company Four-Phase Systems.
Before 1997, activities held on the campus were exclusively research and development. Until that time the buildings were referred to as R&D 1–6. With the return of Steve Jobs to Apple in 1997, changes were made to the campus: Apple increased the number of occupied buildings, and many activities not related to R&D were moved to the buildings on Infinite Loop, at which point they began to be referenced by their IL # designations. Steve Jobs left additional marks on the campus, for example, banning employees’ pets and dramatically improving the cafeteria menu.