Meaning – The term network adapter, refers to a physical device, and its associated software, that enables a processor or controller to be connected to a network.
It enables a computer to connect with another computer, server, or any networking device over a LAN connection. A network adapter can be used over a wired or wireless network.
Typically, it is built on a printed circuit board with jumpers that connect it with the computer’s motherboard. A network adapter for wired networks has an RJ-45 port that uses a twisted or untwisted pair cable for network connectivity.
A network adapter is usually the only component within a computer for interfacing or connecting with a network.
Example of usage – “Wireless adapters connect with the network through a built-in or externally connected antenna. Both network adapters support popular LAN protocols such as TCP/IP.”