Markup Language

Meaning – The term markup language, refers to a notation for identifying the components of a document to enable each component to be appropriately formatted, displayed, or used.

It is human-readable, meaning markup files contain standard words, rather than typical programming syntax. While several markup languages exist, the two most popular are HTML and XML.

HTML is a markup language used for creating web pages. The contents of each webpage are defined by HTML tags.

Most elements require a beginning and end tag, with the content placed between the tags.

XML is used for storing structured data, rather than formatting information on a page. While HTML documents use predefined tags (like the examples above), XML files use custom tags to define elements.

Example of usage“XML is called the “Extensible Markup Language” since custom tags can be used to support a wide range of elements. Each XML file is saved in a standard text format, which makes it easy for software programs to parse or read the data.”