Meaning – The term fragmentation, in the context of computing, refers to the situation where in the contents of a file are split and stored in separate memory locations, rather than one contiguous location. However, what this does isit leads to inefficient use of storage space as well as occasional performance degradation. Users frequently create, modify, delete and save files. Back-end operating systems (OS) continuously store these files on hard drives, which inevitably creates scattered files. When fragmentation occurs, the OS needs to consolidate stored files to enhance processing efficiency.
There are three cases of fragmentation that can occur in a computer –