Meaning – Congestion, or network congestion is the phenomenon that takes place, when the network is handling more data than it can actually handle. When this happens, users tend to experience occurrences like queueing delay, packet loss or the blocking of new connections.
The data packet loss that occurs due to congestion, can be countered by using aggressive network protocol retransmission. This maintains a network congestion state after reducing the initial data load. Consequently, two stable states are created under the same data traffic load – one dealing with the initial load and the other maintaining reduced network throughput.
One of the best solutions to handle network congestion, is to invest in a router that is powerful enough to reorder or dropping data packets when received rates reach critical levels.
Example of usage – “His online gaming session was interrupted by constant network congestions. He was then forced to buy a better router or risk losing out on his online gaming experience.”