Meaning – A bottleneck, is a software or hardware that limits the performance of a system or network. Usually, a PC or a network is designed to perform to a certain capacity. However, limitations in the software or certain hardware components, force the system to perform at a level that is much lower than its rated value. Such a software or Hardware component, that forces the system to perform slower, is called a bottleneck.
Usually, a when there isa technology gap between the software and the finally system, a bottleneck is born. the best way to avoid such an eventuality, it to keep the software updated and the hardware relevant to the current market standard.
Example of usage – “If an adapter has hardware that can forward 14,000 packets per second, and software that can process 4,000 packets per second, the packet throughput is limited to 4, 000 packets per second; and the software is the bottleneck.”